The most widely used herbicide in the world for decades, and also known as Roundup, the chemical can be used for commercial or private use. There has been controversy linked to glyphosate in reference to its potential links to cancer. (ref)
- Effective in killing weeds, hence its long term usage.
- Glyphosate can be broken down quickly, with the right conditions. (ref)
- Evidence has been found that the chemical can interfere with mammals, their organs, biochemical pathways etc. and can manifest in and damage human cells too. (ref)
- There is an indirect impact on birds and animals as the destruction of weeds and habitats impacts the food chain. (ref)
- The chemical is water soluble, meaning it can impact aquatic life if it makes its way into a water source. (ref)
- It disrupts the microbial populations in the soil, increasing some organisms and reducing others. (ref)
- Negative impacts have been linked to glyphosate in regards to worms and pollinators. (ref)
- Glyphosate is not used just on its own, it has other chemicals mixed in too. (ref)
- Even low concentration of glyphosate impacts the soil, with commercial products being fairly high concentration. The soil is negatively impacted by the chemical. (ref)
- It was once thought to be inactive in soil after use, however it is more complex than this. The chemical binds itself to soil particulates, but weather conditions, temperature, soil pH etc. can make it last longer, (ref) and even leech into groundwater. (ref)
- Due to its wide-scale use, many plants have become resistant to the chemical. (ref)
- It is non selective, and can kill plants not intended to be killed. (ref)
An effective chemical used for decades, however Glyphosate has recently been found to have links to cancers in humans and mammals. Along with this, environmental issues such as water contamination and food chain disturbance demonstrate that glyphosate is not the most environmentally friendly choice. Other herbicides can be used in replacement of it, and organic herbicides are even more environmentally friendly.